The light and the city
On Sunday, June 4th, SFACS co-organized a conference "Light and the City" with Campus France, Club France and the Institute of Urbanism & Design of Tongji. The conference took place in We + space in Jinzhong Square in Shanghai. The head of Campus France and Club France, Mrs Isabelle TERPRFAU, began by presenting the conference. Four guests presented and participated: Mr.Roger Narboni, light designer, visual artist and training engineer; Ms. Hao Luoxi, PhD supervisor and head of the "Vision and Lighting" laboratory at Tongji University; Ms. Zhang Chenlu, Partner and Project Manager of Shanghai GLD Lighting Design Company; Mr. Chen Zhongli, Chief Electrical Engineer of the Huadong Architecture Group and the Architectural Design Institute of Shanghai.
Mr. Roger Narboni shared his experience in the field of light design with more than 10 years of project in China. For him, there is a close relationship between light and people. Main factors must be taken into account in light design: nighttime biodiversity, light nuisance, safety, innovation, energy control etc. The light must reflect the landscape of a region and its value. Light can also increase the affinity between the public and the landscape.
Then, Professor Hao first introduced the different Eastern and Western cultures, which have created new concepts in light application. Light design is also influenced by different architectural forms, different urban characters, even different structures of the human eye. More specifically, Professor Hao has compared the different lighting environments in Shanghai and Paris in terms of trade, architecture and culture. She added that large urban events also produce an effect in light design. As head of the Tongji Lighting Laboratory, Professor Hao was in charge of a simulation with the students on sunlight changing of Lu Jiazui in a day or even a year, concluding on the importance of this type of study for urban design.
Ms. Zhang is a young designer with a decade of experience in the light design industry. In her speech about the relationship between "classics and innovation in light design", Ms. Zhang stressed that designers of a new generation always attached importance to "innovation" rather than "classical" design, resulting in a large number of projects that look vulgar over time.
Ms. Zhang illustrated her point of view through the very classic project review of the world: before designing the project, we must understand the architecture, the landscape and the color. The analysis of the existing is paramount.
Finally, at the round table, Mr. Chen mentioned and affirmed Mr. Roger's ideas. He considers that the main function of light is to evoke the nocturnal city and to excite people’s minds, but attention must be paid to "over-lighting". The subject of Mrs. Zhang reminded him of the lighting landscape changing of Shanghai. For the past 35 years, many lighting projects have been realized, mostly "rococo". It encourages designers to think about "classical" design upstream of design. In conclusion, Mr. Chen talked about the role of light design on many historic buildings in Shanghai. For him, it is necessary to highlight the style and the original interior architecture of these buildings.