The sustainable development
On January 14, 2017, the third conference on sustainable development organized by SFACS and Club France, held in the library of Banceng in Shanghai. We had for the occasion prompted four speakers: Mr. Thierry MELOT, french of the IFADUR Director, Ms. LIU Enfang, architect and President of the Institute of Shanghai Architectural Design and Research Co., Ltd., Mr. YU Sijia, former manager at the Department Government urban planning of Shanghai, and finally Mr. XIA Nankai, former Professor and Director of Tongji University thesis.
Mr. Thierry MELOT introduced briefly the history of the development of sustainable cities and has exposed the ten essential principles in the process of construction of these cities. Among these ten principles, we can quote: estimates of the social formation that will be the city, circular economy, public transit, water, buildings of the city management, etc.
Of after Mr. Melot, ' if we want a city to become cosmopolitan, we must not only consider the human, economic, and geographical aspects, but also take into account the history, religion and culture to the plan of the city and give it some meaning. ' Sainte-Sophie, landmark of Istanbul, has been cited as an example: 'this monument embodies the soul of the city, reflects the spirit which has guided the original plan of the town and marks the beginning of the development of Istanbul.' He insisted on the fact that each city was unique, with its own character and its own development process. It is therefore necessary to innovate, and not to copy.
Secondly, Ms. LIU presented some of the results of his research on the construction of eco-neighbourhoods in a context of demographic explosion. It has shown that it was essential to incorporate the notion of territorial unification in the eco neighborhoods and that it was necessary to have an overall vision to improve environmental quality, waste reduction, and more effective and efficient energy use.
During the Round Table, Mr. LI Liguo, facilitator and Chinese Director of the IFADUR, asked questions to stakeholders, as for example: "what policy changes can we see at the level of urban planning in Shanghai? Mr. YU, among the most important changes to note, we quote the project of decrease of the land by 2040, with a high probability that these lands become ecological land. We can also see that more incentives are taken to encourage people to have more environmentally friendly and less polluting behaviours.
Finally, Mr. XIA Nankai shared his point of view as a professor and researcher at the University: ' previously, when we talked about the feasibility of a field project, was that this field is 'filled', as now we leave always spaces 'empty', even when it is a reconstruction project. This shows that we have a greater awareness of the relationship between man and nature, man and ecology, and that we not only meet human requirements. It's a new way to conceive the things which should be integrated in other areas '.