On May 3, 2018, the 2nd SFACS Forum was successfully held in the Paris office of IFADUR. The guest speaker of this forum is David Mangin, a famous French architect, planner and scholar. David Mangin founded Seura Office since 1989 and is committed to the planning and construction of large-scale urban projects in France and throughout the world. At the same time, he is a professor of the City and Regional School of Architecture of the Marne River Valley and has conducted in-depth reflections on contemporary large-scale urbanization. He has authored several books promoting sustainable cities, including "The Chain City" published by La Villete in 2004 and "Up to the City" published by the Bravo Press in 2006. In 2008, he won the "city planning award" in France. In recent years, he has also developed a strong interest in Chinese cities and has participated in planning projects for a number of Chinese ecological cities.
The forum was chaired by Dr. Li Mingye, Secretary-General of the Paris Office of SFACS, and was commented by Mr. Thierry Melot, Chairman of SFACS. David Mangin told about his initial impression of a Chinese city from the "urban village" of the migrant population in Shenzhen. He believes that floating population is a worldwide problem and many countries in the world are facing immigration problems. There is no panacea to solve this problem. We must first understand the flow of these immigrants. As far as China is concerned, many migrants do not stay in big cities eventually, nor do they return to rural areas, but to small cities and towns in the surrounding areas. Then the planning of these small towns needs to take into account these future populations.
He believes that China's rural areas are very different. There are hollow villages with a demoralized population, villages that are built like cities, characteristic towns, and "villages in cities" surrounded by cities. As planners, it is necessary to have an in-depth understanding of the characteristics of these villages, the population they live in and the problems they face. The Chinese cities, however, originally had distinctive spatial features. However, under the influence of motorized traffic, they gradually built a large number of ring roads and highways, as well as European and American cities, and quickly spread to surrounding areas. This trend seems to be a common trend in the development of the world's cities. Cities are less and less suitable for walking, and scales are becoming more and more inhuman. If we say that European cities are nearing the end of this stage of development, then it seems that Chinese cities have not escaped the path of large-scale expansion. The construction of an eco-city may be a signal of a turning point in this development model.
In the end, he shared his experience in the practice of eco-city projects in Jingzhou and other regions. Through vivid hand-drawing, he showed how to combine the local environment, introduce public transport, and plan a humanized ecological city.
Mr. Thierry Melot spoke highly of David Mangin’s speech and put forward constructive opinions on the sustainable development mechanism of eco-city. Nearly 40 professionals and students attending the meeting listened carefully to the report. The second forum ofSFACS which lasted for more than three hours successfully concluded.